There has always been a double aspect to such encounters. At an immediate and practical level, conquest, colonization and trade led to modes of domination or coexistence and multi-faceted transcultural relationships. In Europe, such encounters with "otherness" led to attempts to explain and interpret the origins and nature of racial and cultural linguistic, religious and social diversity. At the same time, observation of alien societies, cultures and religious practices broadened the debate on human social forms, leading to a critical reappraisal of European Christian civilization.
According to sixteenth-century historian Bartolome de Las Casas, how did the Spanish treat the indigenous people they encountered in the New World?
How does the drawing in the Las Casas book display the Spanish? How does it display the indigenous people? Lesson Activities Differentiated Instruction 1: Geography of New World Colonization Please use a map of the Age of Exploration outlining exploration and routes of the Spanish, English, and French included in most texts and available online and an atlas or modern political map to compare and contrast.
Questions for Discussion What modern nations did Spanish explorers sail to? What modern nations did English explorers sail to? What modern nations did French explorers sail to?
What would motivate these Europeans to venture into unknown lands and risk death?
How have these explorers left their mark on the areas they explored? Provide students with a basic introduction to the painting, including: This painting was made inthree hundred years after the event portrayed. Group Work and Questions for Discussion: Identify three figures wearing different types of clothing in this painting.
Attempt to give them a job title or character title. What items in this painting display power? What items in this painting display religion? How can this painting relate to what motivated the Spanish to explore and colonize the New World? Captain John Smith A reading from Captain John Smith Note that this is written in an older form of English, which can be discerned by having the teacher read this aloud while students read along silently.
His adventures in the New World and the settlement of Jamestown, Virginia, paved the way for further English colonization.
This letter was published in England to entice Englishmen to migrate to the New World. Maria Wingfield, where was made choice for our scituation a verie fit place for the erecting of a great cittie, about which some contention passed betwixt Capatain Wingfield and Captaine Gosnold, notwithstanding all our provision was brought a shore, and with as much speede as might bee wee went about our fortification.
I tolde him being in fight with Spaniards our enemie, being overpowred, neare put to retreat, and by extreame weather put to this shore: How does John Smith portray the Spanish? How does John Smith portray the indigenous people he encountered? Samuel de Champlain Image study: How does this engraving depict the indigenous people?
Who has the military advantage according to this image? Of all the most useful and excellent arts, that of navigation has always seemed to me to occupy the first place. For the more hazardous it is, and the more numerous the perils and losses by which it is attended, so much the more is it esteemed and exalted above all others, being wholly unsuited to the timid and irresolute.
By this art we obtain knowledge of different countries, regions, and realms. By it we attract and bring to our own land all kinds of riches, by it the idolatry of paganism is overthrown and Christianity proclaimed throughout all the regions of the earth.
This is the art which from my early age has won my love, and induced me to expose myself almost all my life to the impetuous waves of the ocean, and led me to explore the coasts of a part of America, especially of New France, where I have always desired to see the Lily flourish, and also the only religion, catholic, apostolic, and Roman.
This I trust now to accomplish with the help of God, assisted by the favor of your Majesty, whom I most humbly entreat to continue to sustain us, in order that all may succeed to the honor of God, the welfare of France, and the splendor of your reign, for the grandeur and prosperity of which I will pray God to attend you always with a thousand blessings, and will remain, MADAME, Your most humble, most obedient, and most faithful servant and subject, CHAMPLAIN.AP World Civilizations Fall Review.
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STUDY. A major difference between the Amerindians of North America and the Aztec of Mesoamerica prior to the arrival of Europeans was. Between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the center of European trade moved from.
Northern European countries studied by the Passport to Trade project are: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Iceland, Sweden and the UK.
Similarities in Northern European business culture. All six countries have a good level of English language usage. The Transformation of Europe. The opening of the Atlantic system may have empowered Europe, but it in no way united Europeans.
Religious rivalries continued to tear at European integrity. THE HABSBURGS AND THE QUEST FOR UNIVERSAL EMPIRE IN EUROPE. The Habsburgs nearly created a .
Since the introduction of the Intrastat data collection system for intra-EU trade in goods on 1 January , the value of intra-EU exports of goods has been consistently higher than . Early European Imperial Colonization of the New World England, France, and the Netherlands were all competing for colonies and trade around the world.
Beginning in the late fifteenth century, explorers, conquerors, missionaries, merchants, and adventurers sought to claim new lands to colonize.
and exploration led to the growth of New. Competition Over Trade Routes Omani-European Rivalry Was the rivalry between the Omani and the Europeans in the Indian Ocean. Swahili towns were no more involved in the export trade than they had been under the Portuguese.