Guillaume after a portrait by J. Hesselius; in the collection of the Virginia Historical Society Courtesy of the Virginia Historical Society The debate Within the broader world of popular opinion in the United States, the Founding Fathers are often accorded near mythical status as demigods who occupy privileged locations on the slopes of some American version of Mount Olympus.
No freeman shall ever be debarred the use of arms. Proposed Virginia Constitution, June, Occasionally this quote attributed to Thomas Jefferson is given with the following citation: Thomas Jefferson Papers, C.
The publication exists, but the quote does not.
And the editor's correct name is Julian P. In other cases, this quote is added to the end of a proven Jefferson quote "No free man shall ever be debarred the use of arms What he actually said, in context of the Virginia Constitution drafts is: While this gives a moderate exercise to the body, it gives boldness, enterprise, and independence to the mind.
Games played with the ball, and others of that nature, are too violent for the body, and stamp no character on the mind.
Let your gun therefore be the constant companion of your walks. Never think of taking a book with you. God forbid we should ever be twenty years without such a rebellion.
The people cannot be all, and always, well informed.
The part which is wrong will be discontented, in proportion to the importance of the facts they misconceive. If they remain quiet under such misconceptions, it is lethargy, the forerunner of death to the public liberty.
What country before ever existed a century and half without a rebellion? And what country can preserve its liberties if their rulers are not warned from time to time that their people preserve the spirit of resistance?
Let them take arms. The remedy is to set them right as to facts, pardon and pacify them. What signify a few lives lost in a century or two? The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants.
It is its natural manure. One loves to possess arms, though they hope never to have occasion for them. Thomas Jeffersonletter to George Washington For a people who are free, and who mean to remain so, a well organized and armed militia is their best security. Thomas JeffersonEighth State of the Union Address 8 November The constitutions of most of our States assert, that all power is inherent in the people; that they may exercise it by themselves, … or they may act by representatives, freely and equally chosen; that it is their right and duty to be at all times armed; that they are entitled to freedom of person, freedom of religion, freedom of property, and freedom of the press.
John Adams[ edit ] Here every private person is authorized to arm himself, and on the strength of this authority, I do not deny the inhabitants had a right to arm themselves at that time, for their defense, not for offence.
As defense attorney for the British soldiers on trial for the Boston Massacre.The Preamble to the Constitution lists six purposes for which the new government of the United States of America was established.
These purposes, in general, are to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty.
deliberative democracy: Deliberative democracy or discursive democracy is a form of democracy in which deliberation is central to decision making.
Deliberative democracy differs from traditional democratic theory in that authentic deliberation, not mere voting, is the primary source of legitimacy for the lawmaking processes. This double meaning of Democracy--a popular-type government in general, as well as a specific form of popular government--needs to be made clear in any discussion, or writing, regarding this subject, for the sake of sound understanding.
Likewise, James Wilson, one of the main drafters of the Constitution and one of the first Supreme Court Justices, defended the Constitution in .
You and I are told increasingly that we have to choose between a left or a right. There is only an up or down: up to man's age-old dream -- the ultimate in individual freedom consistent with law and order -- or down to the ant heap of ashio-midori.com regardless of their sincerity, their humanitarian motives, those who would trade our freedom for security have embarked on this downward course.
Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century BC in the Greek city-state (known as a polis) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, and is often described as the first known democracy in the world.
Other Greek cities set up democracies, most following the Athenian model, but none are as well documented as Athens's.