The groom makes the promise by repeating three times that he will not fail the bride in realizing dharma, artha and kama. Ideally, the parents of the bride place the right hand of the bride over the right hand of the groom and place their own left hands at the bottom and the right hands the two of them on top, securing the Conch with gold, betel nut, flowers and a little fruit in it placed in bride's hand. It is at this point that the purpose of the Kanyadaan is clearly stated per scripture and the names of the parents and forefathers are stated from both sides. Wedding can not legally proceed without this Kanyadaan step in which parents of the bride agree to the wedding.
Eight types of marriage[ edit ] A Hindu bride during her wedding. A Hindu marriage ceremony. Ancient Hindu literature, such as Asvalayana Grhyasutra and Atharvavedaidentify eight forms of marriages.
The groom, bride and families willingly concur with the proposal. The two families and relatives meet, the daughter An overview of the hindu marriages conducted in india ceremonially decorated, the father gives away his daughter in betrothal, and a Vedic marriage ceremony is conducted.
This type of wedding is now most prevalent among Hindus in modern India. This form of marriage occurred in ancient times when yajna sacrifices were prevalent. Arsha marriage — in this type of marriage, the groom gives a cow and a bull to the father of the bride and the father exchanges his daughter in marriage.
The groom took a vow to fulfill his obligations to the bride and family life Grihasthashram. Prajapatya marriage — in this type of marriage, a couple agree to be married by exchanging some Sanskrit mantras vows to each other.
This form of marriage was akin to a civil ceremony. The above four types of marriages were considered prashasta marriages proper, religiously appropriate under Hinduismsince they contains vows from Vedic scriptures, where both bride and groom commit to each other and share responsibilities to their families.
The other four were considered aprashasta inappropriatesince they do not follow any Vedic rituals and vows. This marriage is entered into without religious ceremonies, and was akin to the Western concept of Common-law marriage. Kama Sutraas well as Rishi Kanva — the foster-father of Shakuntala — in the Mahabharataclaimed this kind of marriage to be an ideal one.
This was akin to marrying off a daughter for money. This marriage was considered inappropriate by Hindu Smriti-writers because greed, not what is best for the woman, can corrupt the selection process. Paishacha marriage — where the man forces himself on a woman when she is insentient — when she is drugged or drunken or unconscious.
James Lochtefeld comments that the last two forms of marriage were forbidden but still recognized in ancient Hindu societies, not to allow these acts but rather to provide the woman and any resulting children with legal protection in the society.
Vivaah There is no single standard Hindu marriage ceremony. The variations may be based on family traditions, local traditions, resources of the marrying families, and other factors.
Some of the key rituals are performed in slightly different ways in different regions. There are a few key rituals common in a Hindu wedding ceremony. It is called the seven step ritual, where each step corresponds to a vow groom makes to bride, and a vow the bride makes to groom.
The vows are pronounced in Sanskrit in long form, or short quicker form, sometimes also in the language of the groom and bride. The groom usually leads the bride in the walk. Kanyadaan[ edit ] Kanyadaan — a key ritual where the father gifts away the daughter to the groom.
The Kanyadaan ceremony is performed by the father. This marks the beginning of the ceremony of giving away the bride. The Kamasukta verse is: Kama the god of love gave her to me, that I may love her Love is the giver, love is the acceptor Enter thou, the bride, the ocean of love With love then, I receive thee May she remain thine, thine own, O god of love Verily, thou art, prosperity itself May the heaven bestow thee, may the earth receive thee After this ritual recital, the father asks the groom to not fail the bride in his pursuit of dharma moral and lawful lifeartha wealth and kama love.
Sometimes, this ritual is preceded by vivaha-homa rite, wherein a symbolic fire is lit by the groom to mark the start of a new household. The groom faces west, while the bride sits in front of him with her face to the east, he holds her hand while the following Rig ved ic mantra is recited: The whole ceremony was timed around an auspicious time Mauhurat for this step and few decades ago, the wedding invitation would even list the time when this event was going to take place.
Saptapadi — Short Form[ edit ] Main article: Saptapadi A Hindu couple in post-marriage ceremonies, after Saptapadi.
The tied clothing, represents lifelong bond formed during the seven promises ritual with fire as witness. Usually, the bride leads the groom in the first circuit.
In North Indiathe first six circuits are led by the bride, and the final one by the groom. In some South Indian weddings, after each saying a mantra at each of the seven steps, the couple say these words together: We shall share love, share the same food, share our strengths, share the same tastes.Family law in India: overview However, the above view is only applicable for marriages under Hindu law.
Muslim marriages are in the form of legal contract and mahr, Indian courts recognise foreign marriages conducted under and in compliance with the laws of a foreign jurisdiction. Couples residing in India irrespective of their. Hindu Marriage Act It was a part of the Hindu Code bills.
The act was made in order to modernize the Hindu tradition of marriage. The act was made in order to modernize the Hindu tradition of marriage. Apr 28, · Hindu Marriages In India Marriage is an important social event in India remembered for lifetime, which bonds two families.
An Indian marriage is a feast for the eyes whether conducted grand or simple as it involves not only the bride and the bridegroom but the entire family, friends and relatives.
In India, a religious marriage ceremony is generally considered a legal marriage.
However, for marriages registered under the Hindu Marriage Act (affecting Hindus, Jains, Sikhs and Buddhists), the certificate issued by the temple or gurudwara may not be legally sufficient for all purposes.
The architecture of Hindu temples evolved over a period of more than 2, years and there is a great variety in this architecture. Hindu temples are of different shapes and sizes – rectangular, octagonal, semicircular – with different types of domes and gates.
Hindu wedding ceremonies are traditionally conducted at least partially in Sanskrit, the language in which most holy Hindu ceremonies are conducted. The local language of the people involved is also used since most Hindus cannot understand Sanskrit.
They have many rituals that have evolved since.