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Research and the Writing Process Researching and reporting the results of research are fundamental to academic work in almost every discipline, as well as in many professional contexts.
While research in itself may seem like an enormous task when you are just starting a project, it is important to understand that effective research is a straightforward, step-by-step process.
By practicing effective research techniques and becoming adept with the tools that are available to researchers, you will begin to see research as an invaluable part of an organized system of study that includes discovery, invention, critical thinking, and clear communication.
While writing is sometimes viewed as a solitary undertaking, research requires active involvement in a larger community of scholars. You will have a chance to define yourself as a member of a number of communities, and you will begin to see your research as an important part of the conversations that take part among members of your communities.
As you begin to see yourself as an active contributor in a community, you will start to understand how the work of others can both enrich your own perceptions and improve your understanding of the topic about which you are writing.
To help you get started as a contributing member of a community of scholars, we will first explore how your research can support the writing process that you began to develop in Composition I.
You will recall that the PWR Method is a process based on pre-writing, writing, editing, and proofreading, so it is probably no surprise to learn that effective research follows a similar process and is based on similar methods of preparation and analysis.
By mastering the essentials of effective research, you can train yourself to think more carefully about your work at every stage of the writing process. For example, you probably know how much a good quote can help to emphasize an important point, but you may not be conscious of how helpful general background research can be in the very earliest phases of your writing, when you are just beginning to refine your topic and clarify your thesis and argument.
As we continue to build your experience as a member of a research community, we will explore how effective research can help you appeal to specific audiences and more clearly define the purpose of your writing. Completing this unit should take you approximately 16 hours.
How, What, When, Where, and Why If you are already at work on a writing project, you most likely are well aware that you often need to start writing in order to discover all of your ideas about a subject. In this unit, we will take the discovery process a bit further by exploring how identifying, analyzing, and making effective use of the work of others can do even more to clarify your viewpoint and refine your thesis.
We will begin by looking at research as a concept. By now, you should feel a little more comfortable thinking of yourself as a researcher and you may be anxious to get started.
To get you off on the right foot, we will look at how analysis and planning can streamline your research efforts and help you to make the best use of your findings.
After that, we will dig deeply into the research process itself. In addition to learning more about traditional library research methods, you will have a chance to get acquainted with methods for conducting research in person, on your own computer, and on the Internet.
We will also define primary and secondary sources and will look at some of the merits of using both of these types of information. We will spend quite a bit of time reviewing the tools and techniques for conducting research on the Internet.
Finally, we will acknowledge the importance of keeping research well-organized and clearly documented. You will get a chance to practice the best techniques for recording, organizing, and annotating the source information that you want to use.
By the end of this unit, you should have a good understanding of how to carry out your research in an organized, thoughtful manner. You should also have the opportunity to complete much of the preliminary research for your final paper and to identify any information gaps that may require further investigation.
Completing this unit should take you approximately 17 hours. Reviewing and Analyzing Your Sources A successful research paper is more than a well-constructed argument supplemented by facts, figures, and quotations.
Like the good writing that it supports, successful research involves planning, careful analysis, and reflection. Before you can incorporate an outside source into your work, you must take some time to think about more than just the facts and ideas that you have uncovered.
Is the source authoritative? Is the information substantiated fact, or is it primarily opinion? Is it accurate and complete?Welcome to HCC online tutoring! Our goal is to provide free, confidential, and convenient academic support to HCC students in an online environment.
English Composition I from Duke University. You will gain a foundation for college-level writing valuable for nearly any field. Students will learn how to read carefully, write effective arguments, understand the writing process, engage with. Writing Spaces: Readings on Writing, Volume 2, is a collection of Creative Commons licensed essays for use in the first year writing classroom, all written by writing.
Overview. ENGL focuses on essay writing at the university level.
In order to improve the necessary skills, students study examples of good writing, do a brief introductory assignment, write two short summaries, participate in online discussion forums, and complete three essays covering a spectrum of styles and purposes.
The Part 1 question will be an essay on a given topic. A set of notes on the topic will be provided, and will include three bullet points.
Candidates will be asked to select two of the bullet points and to base their essay on those two points. Do Great Things No matter what drives you — acing that big paper, being an all-star Easily improve any text · Write anywhere · Detect plagiarism · Eliminate grammar errors.