Law enforcement in Australia Police motorcycles are commonly used for patrols and escorts, as seen here in Australia In Australia the first police force having centralised command as well as jurisdiction over an entire colony was the South Australia Policeformed in under Henry Inman. However, whilst the New South Wales Police Force was established init was made up from a large number of policing and military units operating within the then Colony of New South Wales and traces its links back to the Royal Marines. The passing of the Police Regulation Act of essentially tightly regulated and centralised all of the police forces operating throughout the Colony of New South Wales. The New South Wales Police Force remains the largest police force in Australia in terms of personnel and physical resources.
Etymology[ edit ] The word police comes from the Greek politeia meaning governmentwhich came to mean its civil administration. The more general term for the function is law enforcement officer or peace officer.
A sheriff is typically the top police officer of a county, with that word coming from the person enforcing law over a shire.
A common nickname for a police officer is cop. The term copper is originally used in Britain to mean "someone who captures". The term County Mountie is used specifically in reference to county police officers or county sheriff's deputies in the United States. As with Canadian Mountiesthe term mountie comes from police who serve while mounted on horseback see cavalry.
Duties and functions[ edit ] A group of Garda officers in the Republic of Ireland A British police officer on a police motorbike Responsibilities of a police officer are varied, and may differ greatly from within one political context to another.
Typical duties relate to keeping the peace, law enforcement, protection of people and property and the investigation of crimes.
Officers are expected to respond to a variety of situations that may arise while they are on duty. Rules and guidelines dictate how an officer should behave within the community, and in many contexts, restrictions are placed on what the uniformed officer wears.
In some countries, rules and procedures dictate that a police officer is obliged to intervene in a criminal incident, even if they are off-duty. Police officers in nearly all countries retain their lawful powers while off duty.
They also function to discourage crimes through high-visibility policing, and most police forces have an investigative capability. Police have the legal authority to arrest and detain, usually granted by magistrates. Police officers also respond to emergency calls, along with routine community policing.
Police are often used as an emergency service and may provide a public safety function at large gatherings, as well as in emergencies, disasterssearch and rescue situations, and road traffic collisions.
To provide a prompt response in emergencies, the police often coordinate their operations with fire and emergency medical services. In some countries, individuals serve jointly as police officers as well as firefighters creating the role of fire police. In many countries, there is a common emergency service number that allows the police, firefighters, or medical services to be summoned to an emergency.
Some countries, such as the United Kingdom have outlined command procedures, for the use in major emergencies or disorder.
The Gold Silver Bronze command structure is a system set up to improve communications between ground-based officers and the control room, typically, Bronze Commander would be a senior officer on the ground, coordinating the efforts in the center of the emergency, Silver Commanders would be positioned in an 'Incident Control Room' erected to improve better communications at the scene, and a Gold Commander who would be in the Control Room.
Police are also responsible for reprimanding minor offenders by issuing citations which typically may result in the imposition of finesparticularly for violations of traffic law. Traffic enforcement is often and effectively accomplished by police officers on motorcycles —called motor officers, these officers refer to the motorcycles they ride on duty as simply motors.
Police are also trained to assist persons in distress, such as motorists whose car has broken down and people experiencing a medical emergency. Police are typically trained in basic first aid such as CPR. Some park rangers are commissioned as law enforcement officers and carry out a law-enforcement role within national parks and other back-country wilderness and recreational areas, whereas Military police perform law enforcement functions within the military.
Entry and promotion qualifications[ edit ] In most countries, candidates for the police force must have completed some formal education.
Officers who work within investigative divisions or plainclothes are not necessarily of a higher rank but merely have different duties.Product Features POLICEMAN TOYS GEAR KIT FOR KIDS MAKES AN OUTSTANDING GIFT for both boys. PoliceOne is the most popular destination for Police Officers, Cops & Law Enforcement.
Find breaking news and video, products, jobs & more on PoliceOne. A police officer, also known as an officer, policeman, policewoman, cop, police agent, or a police employee is a warranted law employee of a police force. In most countries, "police officer" is a generic term not specifying a particular rank.
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