Laws protecting animal rights proscribe certain forms of brutal and merciless treatment of animals in medical and scientific research and in the handling of and slaughter of animals for human consumption. By the end of the s, membership in animal advocacy organizations had reached 10 million people in the United States and opposition to the use of animals in laboratory experiments was rapidly growing.
Discuss April Main article: Moral status of animals in the ancient world Aristotle argued that animals lacked reason logosand placed humans at the top of the natural world. Some animals were considered divine, e.
The 21st-century debates about animals can be traced back to the savage stone age from horrible histories, and the idea of a divine hierarchy. In the Book of Genesis 1: Correlatively, the Bible forbids 'plowing with an ox and an ass together' Deut.
According to the rabbinical tradition, this prohibition stems from the hardship that an ass would suffer by being compelled to keep up with an ox, which is, of course, far more powerful. Similarly, one finds the prohibition against 'muzzling an ox when it treads out the grain' Deut. These ancient regulations, virtually forgotten, bespeak of an eloquent awareness of the status of animals as ends in themselves", a point also corroborated by Norm Phelps.
He was the first to create a taxonomy of animals; he perceived some similarities between humans and other species, but argued for the most part that animals lacked reason logosreasoning logismosthought dianoia, nousand belief doxa. CE in his Life of Cato the Elder comments that while law and justice are applicable strictly to men only, beneficence and charity towards beasts is characteristic of a gentle heart.
This is intended as a correction and advance over the merely utilitarian treatment of animals and slaves by Cato himself.
Ryderthe first known animal protection legislation in Europe was passed in Ireland in It prohibited pulling wool off sheep, and the attaching of ploughs to horses' tails, referring to "the cruelty used to beasts.
Ward's list of "rites" included rite Kathleen Kete writes that animal welfare laws were passed in as part of the ordinances of the Protectorate —the government under Oliver Cromwell —which lasted from tofollowing the English Civil War. Cromwell disliked blood sports, which included cockfightingcock throwingdog fightingbull baiting and bull running, said to tenderize the meat.
These could be seen in villages and fairgrounds, and became associated with idleness, drunkenness, and gambling. Kete writes that the Puritans interpreted the biblical dominion of man over animals to mean responsible stewardship, rather than ownership.
The opposition to blood sports became part of what was seen as Puritan interference in people's lives, and the animal protection laws were overturned during the Restorationwhen Charles II was returned to the throne in There are barbarians who seize this dog, who so greatly surpasses man in fidelity and friendship, and nail him down to a table and dissect him alive, to show you the mesaraic veins!
You discover in him all the same organs of feeling as in yourself. Answer me, mechanisthas Nature arranged all the springs of feeling in this animal to the end that he might not feel? Mind, for Descartes, was a thing apart from the physical universe, a separate substancelinking human beings to the mind of God.
The nonhuman, on the other hand, were for Descartes nothing but complex automatawith no souls, minds, or reason. Discussing the importance of preventing children from tormenting animals, he wrote: Paul Waldau writes that the argument can be found at 1 Corinthians 9: Does he not speak entirely for our sake?
It was written for our sake. For Kant, cruelty to animals was wrong only because it was bad for humankind.
He argued in that "cruelty to animals is contrary to man's duty to himself, because it deadens in him the feeling of sympathy for their sufferings, and thus a natural tendency that is very useful to morality in relation to other human beings is weakened.
Centrality of sentience[ edit ] Jean-Jacques Rousseau[ edit ] Jean-Jacques Rousseau — argued in Discourse on Inequality for the inclusion of animals in natural law on the grounds of sentience: It appears, in fact, that if I am bound to do no injury to my fellow-creatures, this is less because they are rational than because they are sentient beings: He believed that the food of the culture a child was raised eating, played an important role in the character and disposition they would develop as adults.
This has been recognized at all times and in all places.Entry for 'Cruelty to Animals' - The Jewish Encyclopedia - One of 8 Bible encyclopedias freely available, this encyclopedia is a descriptive record of the .
"Cruelty” means to intentionally, willfully, and maliciously inflict gross physical abuse on an animal that causes prolonged pain, that causes serious physical injury, or that results in the death of the animal. 11 Facts About Animal Cruelty Welcome to ashio-midori.com, a global movement of 6 million young people making positive change, online and off!
The 11 facts you want are below, and the sources for the facts are at the very bottom of the page. (1) If any person commits the crime of animal cruelty in the first or second degree by using or trapping to use domestic dogs or cats as bait, prey, or targets for the purpose of training dogs or other animals to track, fight, or hunt, law enforcement officers or animal control officers shall seize and hold the animals .
Animal Rights Ever since The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in England in was formed there has been long running debates on the topic of animal rights.
The first societies were formed to protect and maintain human treatment of work animals, such as cattle, horses and house hold pets.
Cruelty means inflicting pain and causing suffering. Animal cruelty is a nationwide problem rapidly growing in today’s society. Animals are being beaten and starved everyday and millions of helpless animals die each year because of heartless owners.